Monday, February 5, 2018

Koch Government? Public Citizen investigates - Appendix

Appendix
HOW THE KOCH BROTHERS’ AGENDA HAS INFILTRATED THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION 

From suspect puppet masters to trusted partners
November 30, 2017 

Washington, D.C. 20009
© 2017 Public Citizen
Complete Citations (209 references in all)
(my apologies you may have to copy and paste links)

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1 FREEDOM PARTNERS, A ROADMAP TO REPEAL: REMOVING REGULATORY BARRIERS TO OPPORTUNITY, (January 2017). http://bit.ly/2z8exUW. 

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2 Jane Mayer, Covert Operations, THE NEW YORKER (August 30, 2010) http://bit.ly/2j1mW1B. 

3 Kenneth P. Vogel, How the Koch Network Rivals the GOP, POLITICO (Dec. 30, 2015) http://politi.co/2j0i0K9. 

4 Daniel Schulman, The Making of the Kochtopus, MOTHER JONES (Nov. 3 ,2014) http://bit.ly/2Bmhe1A  

5 Daniel Schulman and Andy Kroll, The Koch Brothers Left a Confidential Document at Their Donor Conference, MOTHER JONES (Feb. 5, 2014) http://bit.ly/2jfT80X.. 


6 Press Release, Americans for Prosperity, AFP Praises Bold Plan to Unrig the Economy (Sept. 27, 2017) http://bit.ly/2yCkd59. 

7 Mary Bottari and David Armiak, Kochs' Grassroots Leadership Academy Training Astroturf Army, CENTER FOR MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY (May 16, 2016) http://bit.ly/2jxtV64. 

8 Public Citizen calculated this total based on line 13 of IRS Form 990s for Freedom Partners Chamber of Commerce Inc. Forms accessed at: http://bit.ly/2A6HOwx. 

9 Matea Gold, In Major Shift, Koch Consolidates Network of Advocacy Groups Into Americans for Prosperity, WASHINGTON POST (Sept. 16, 2016)  http://wapo.st/2iGx8Mw  

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10 James Hohmann and Matea Gold, Koch Network to Spend $300 Million to $400 Million on Politics, Policy in 2018 Cycle WASHINGTON POST (Jan. 28, 2017) http://wapo.st/2j2lT1i. 

11 Matea Gold, Koch-Backed Political Network, Built to Shield Donors, Raised $400 Million in 2012 Elections,  WASHINGTON POST (January 5, 2014) http://wapo.st/2j38oyd. 

12 Press Release, Checks and Balances Project Documents Accelerated Attacks on Clean Energy by Koch Bros. (October 2017) http://bit.ly/2zWof9P. 

13 Center for Responsive Politics data accessed 11/1/2017 http://bit.ly/2jwstRu. 
14 Philip Bump, Another Core Trump Campaign Promise Falls by the Wayside, WASHINGTON POST (May 22, 2017) http://wapo.st/2iFt13g. 

15 Transcript of Interview with Charles Koch, FORTUNE (JULY 12, 2016) http://for.tn/2gXp8X4 

16 Kenneth P. Vogel, Kochs Reject Push To Meet With Trump POLITICO (July 29, 2016) http://politi.co/2iZtCgk. 

17 Michelle Conlin, Powerful Koch Brothers Rebuff Big Donors' Calls to Back Trump for White House, REUTERS, (Aug. 1, 2016) http://reut.rs/2z8nVrH. 

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18 Kenneth P. Vogel and Eliana Johnson, Trump’s Koch Administration, POLITICO (Nov. 28, 2016) http://politi.co/2mflFJ7. 

19 CENTER FOR MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY: A CMD SPECIAL REPORT ON ALEC'S FUNDING AND SPENDING (July 13, 2011) http://bit.ly/2zZ9X8B. 

20 Lee Fang and Nick Surgey, This Group Helps Lobbyists Influence Public Officials. The Trump Hotel is Hosting its 2018 Gala, THE INTERCEPT, (Oct 11, 2017) http://bit.ly/2j2R3Wc. 

21 Kenneth P. Vogel and Maggie Haberman, Mike Pence’s Koch Advantage, POLITICO (Aug. 28, 2014) http://politi.co/2zO6byK. 

22 Data accessed Nov 20 at NATIONAL INSTITUTE ON MONEY IN STATE POLITICS, FOLLOWTHEMONEY.ORG http://bit.ly/2ioosuQ.

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23 Philip Elliott, Mike Pence Will Help the Koch Brothers Plot Their 2018 Strategy,  TIME (Sept. 29, 2017)  http://ti.me/2A00Ep0 

24 Kenneth P. Vogel, Pence “Grateful’ for David Koch, AFP POLITICO (Aug 29, 2014) http://politi.co/2zO39dU 

25 Federal Election Commission record accessed at http://bit.ly/2zYQk0w 

26 Jane Mayer, The Danger of President Pence THE NEW YORKER (Oct 30, 2017) http://bit.ly/2z4ROHM 

27 Alex Kotch, The Koch Brothers Want a Tax Cut, Pence is Ready to Help, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS TIMES, (Oct. 18, 2017) http://bit.ly/2A5sm6r 

28 John Binder Marc Short, Former Leader of Koch Never-Trump Effort, Now Pushing DACA Amnesty as White House Staffer BREITBART NEWS (September 13, 2017) http://bit.ly/2iHpotF 

29 Lee Fang, Koch Brothers’ Operatives Fill Top White House Positions, Ethics Forms Reveal THE INTERCEPT, (April 4, 2017)  http://bit.ly/2oxtJVU 

30 See Conway’s disclosure form at: http://bit.ly/2AfbreV 

31 Steve Eder, Neomi Rao, the Scholar Who Will Lead Trump’s Regulatory Overhaul NEW YORK TIMES (July 9, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2sWfbBC 

32 CENTER FOR RESPONSIVE POLITICS DATA accessed Nov. 22, 2017 http://bit.ly/2zYcHD7 

33 Nick Lyell, Freshman Rep. Mulvaney (R-SC) Won His Seat With Koch Industries Support, Now Offers Earmarks To His Benefactor, REPUBLIC REPORT (July 2, 2012) http://bit.ly/2zXSmxO. 

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34 Nick Lyell, Freshman Rep. Mulvaney (R-SC) Won His Seat With Koch Industries Support, Now Offers Earmarks To His Benefactor, REPUBLIC REPORT (July 2, 2012) http://bit.ly/2zXSmxO. 

35 Justin Elliott, Koch Lobbyists and Opus Dei — Who’s Dropping in on Trump Budget Czar Mick Mulvaney?, PROPUBLICA (NOV. 21, 2017)  http://bit.ly/2A3H4Ie. 

36 Kenneth P. Vogel, The Koch Intelligence Agency, POLITICO, (Nov. 18, 2015) http://politi.co/2jekl4q 37 Id. 

38 Kenneth P. Vogel, Trump Makes Nice With Koch Brothers POLITICO (April 9, 2017) http://politi.co/2jquGdH. 

39 FREEDOM PARTNERS, A ROADMAP TO REPEAL: REMOVING REGULATORY BARRIERS TO OPPORTUNITY, (January 2017). http://bit.ly/2z8exUW. 

40 Press Release, Freedom Partners, Report Provides First Policy Strategy To Cut Red Tape & Repeal Regulatory Overreach In 2017 (January 6, 2017) http://bit.ly/2j2pFrw 

41 FREEDOM PARTNERS, A ROADMAP TO REPEAL: REMOVING REGULATORY BARRIERS TO OPPORTUNITY, (January 2017). http://bit.ly/2z8exUW. 

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42 Lisa Mascaro, With Trump in the Limelight, Congress Has Been Quietly Working to Undo Obama-Era Regulations  LOS ANGELES TIMES (February 14, 2017) http://lat.ms/2zv0zJn. 

43 See: http://rulesatrisk.org/resolutions/ 

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44 Press Release, White House National Economic Council Announces Senior Staff Appointments (Feb. 27, 2017)  http://bit.ly/2A1bTxv 

45 Amie Parnes, Donald Trump’s Details Man, THE HILL (Feb. 8, 2017), http://bit.ly/2jcjLnw. 

46 Lee Fang, Koch Brothers’ Operatives Fill Top White House Positions, Ethics Forms Reveal THE INTERCEPT, (April 4, 2017)  http://bit.ly/2oxtJVU 

47 See Calabria’s bio at: https://www.cato.org/people/mark-calabria 

48 Maureen Groppe, Pence Tapping Former Aides, and Some Lobbyists, for VP Office Staff, INDIANAPOLIS STAR (Jan. 25, 2017) http://indy.st/2zvzlm4 

49 Chris Moody, Koch-Affiliated Group Ramps Up Hispanic Outreach, YAHOO NEWS, (Jan. 17, 2014) https://yhoo.it/2jclglD. 

50 Press Release, White House National Economic Council Director Announces Senior Staff Appointments, (Feb. 27, 2017) http://bit.ly/2A1bTxv 

51 Steve Horn, Koch Industries and Fracking Lobbyist Mike Catanzaro to Lead Trump Energy Team, DESMOG BLOG, (Oct 4, 2016) http://bit.ly/2jqgAJ8. 

52 See Conway’s disclosure form at: http://bit.ly/2AfbreV 

53 See Donaldson’s financial disclosure form at: http://bit.ly/2jqhMw6 

54 See Ford’s financial disclosure form at: http://bit.ly/2jsIeFh
55 See Gribbin’s LinkedIn page at https://www.linkedin.com/in/dj-gribbin-47210258/ 

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56 Forrest Wilder, Revealed: The Corporations and Billionaires that Fund the Texas Public Policy Foundation, TEXAS OBSERVER (Aug. 24, 2012) http://bit.ly/28MR3Tj 

57 Press Release, Freedom Partners, Report Provides First Policy Strategy To Cut Red Tape & Repeal Regulatory Overreach In 2017 (January 6, 2017) http://bit.ly/2j2pFrw 

58 See Loyola’s LinkedIn page at; https://www.linkedin.com/in/mario-loyola-57968040/ 

59 Kenneth P. Vogel and Eliana Johnson, Trump’s Koch Administration, POLITICO (Nov, 28, 2016) http://politi.co/2mflFJ7 

60 Nick Lyell, Freshman Rep. Mulvaney (R-SC) Won His Seat With Koch Industries Support, Now Offers Earmarks To His Benefactor, REPUBLIC REPORT (July 2, 2012) http://bit.ly/2zXSmxO. 

61 Jane Mayer, The Danger of President Pence, THE NEW YORKER (Oct 30, 2017) http://bit.ly/2z4ROHM 

62 See Prandoni’s LinkedIn Profile: https://www.linkedin.com/in/christopher-prandoni-96039718/ 

63 See Sourcewatch.org: http://bit.ly/2j36qyV 

64 Steve Eder, Neomi Rao, the Scholar Who Will Lead Trump’s Regulatory Overhaul NEW YORK TIMES (July 9, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2sWfbBC 

65 Kenneth P. Vogel, The Koch Intelligence Agency, POLITICO, (Nov. 18, 2015) http://politi.co/2jekl4q 

66 Lisa Rein and Dan Lamothe, To Keep Promises To Veterans, Trump Taps Koch-Backed Group, WASHINGTON POST (December 1, 2016) http://wapo.st/2j3OPpB 

67 Lee Fang, Koch Brothers’ Operatives Fill Top White House Positions, Ethics Forms Reveal THE INTERCEPT, (April 4, 2017)  http://bit.ly/2iI6T8D 

68 Richard Eskow, Marc Short: Koch Dark-Money Operative Is Trump's Liaison to Congress, CENTER FOR MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY, (Jan. 23, 2017) http://bit.ly/2A3reNS 

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69 See Americans for Prosperity’s video at:  http://bit.ly/2jqIpRv 

70 Chris Moody, Trump Drama Doesn't Deter Koch Groups from Tax Reform Push, CNN, (Aug. 25, 2017) http://cnn.it/2jeiOLA 

71 John McCormick, Koch Brothers Move to Back White House’s Tax-Cut Plan BLOOMBERG NEWS  (July 31, 2017) https://bloom.bg/2uRFZTb 

72 DISTRIBUTIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE TAX CUTS AND JOBS ACT AS PASSED BY THE SENATE FINANCE COMMITTEE, TAX POLICY CENTER (Nov. 20, 2017), http://tpc.io/2jqg5yA

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73 Peter Goodman and Patricia Cohen, It Started as a Tax Cut. Now It Could Change American Life, NEW YORK TIMES (Nov 29, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2j3QCf7. 

74 Ben White and Tara Palmeri. Trump to Seize Populist Mantle for Pitching Messy Tax Overhaul, POLITICO (August 29, 2017) http://politi.co/2zxhv1S  

75 Tatiana Siegel, Conservative Koch Brothers are Secret Investors in ‘Wonder Woman’ HOLLYWOOD REPORTER (Aug 9, 2017) http://bit.ly/2zY2nuW 

76 See WBNS-10 TV video at http://bit.ly/2iHYrqy 

77 THE COLBERT REPORT, (May, 13 2014) http://on.cc.com/2jeLRi5

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78 Leigh Ann Caldwell, Koch Group to Spend Millions Pressuring Democrats to Back Tax Reform, NBC NEWS,  Oct. 5, 2017) http://nbcnews.to/2jcNLQj 

79 See Americans for Prosperity’s video at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5B40ZV2H8Vs

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80 Anne Linskey The Koch Brothers (and their friends) Want President Trump’s Tax Cut. Very Badly. BOSTON GLOBE  (Oct. 14, 2017) http://bit.ly/2j3VtvW  

81 Noah Lanard, Republicans Want to Make the Koch Brothers’ Political Donations Tax Deductible, MOTHER JONES (Nov. 15, 2017) http://bit.ly/2javGSM 

82 CENTER ON BUDGET AND POLICY PRIORITIES: REPEALING ESTATE TAX WOULD PROVIDE WINDFALL TO HEIRS OF WEALTHIEST ESTATES (OCT. 30, 2017) http://bit.ly/2jba9JW 

83 Steven Mufson, Big Business is a Big Winner of GOP Small Business Tax Plan, WASHINGTON POST (Nov. 7., 2017) http://wapo.st/2AzRqPY 

84 Jonathan Swan, Koch Network Helping Ron Johnson With $1 Million Wisconsin Buy, THE HILL (AUG. 4, 2016) http://bit.ly/2jfpuJg  

85 Alan Rappeport and Thomas Kaplan Tax Bill Thrown Into Uncertainty as First GOP Senator Comes Out Against It, NEW YORK TIMES  (Nov. 15, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2j4Mjzs  

86 Don Behm, Ron Johnson Votes With GOP Majoriy In Senate Budget Committee To Approve Tax Plan MILWAUKEE JOURNAL SENTINEL (NOV. 28, 2017) http://bit.ly/2BnO9Tz 

87 Steven M. Rosenthal, The 25-Percent Rate for Pass-Through Businesses Helps Rich Investors, Not “Small” Businesses, TAX POLICY CENTER, (Nov. 8, 2017) 

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88 Steven Mufson, Big Business is a Big Winner of GOP Small Business Tax Plan, WASHINGTON POST (Nov. 7., 2017) http://wapo.st/2AzRqPY 89Ed Pilkington and John Swaine, The Seven Republican Super-Donors Who Keep Money in Tax Havens  THE GUARDIAN (Nov. 7, 2017)  http://bit.ly/2jdYo5x 90 Jelani Cobb Republicans and the Constitution, NEW YORKER (March 13, 2017) http://bit.ly/2zXUW6Y. 

91 https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=30&v=2S8rHJtLJE0 

92 Lee Fang, Nick Surgey, Koch Brothers’ Internal Strategy Memo on Selling Tax Cuts: Ignore the Deficit, THE INTERCEPT (October 13, 2017) http://bit.ly/2zXC87U. 

93 Press Release, Committee for a Responsible Budget, Senate Tax Plan Has Too Little Reform and Too Much Debt (Nov. 10, 2017) http://bit.ly/2zZI3cG 

94 Andrew Ross Sorkin, C.E.O. Deficit Fears Dissolve With the Prospect of Corporate Tax Cuts,  THE NEW YORK TIMES (Nov. 20, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2jgiLib 

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95 Tim Dickinson, The Koch Brothers’ Dirty War on Solar Power, ROLLING STONE (Feb. 11, 2016) http://rol.st/2zYeic5. 

96 Brad Wieners and David Hasemyer, How Fossil Fuel Allies Are Tearing Apart Ohio's Embrace of Clean Energy INSIDECLIMATE NEWS (Oct. 29, 2017) http://bit.ly/2A14zli 

97 Mark Hand, This Is How the Kochs’ Anti-Renewable Agenda Becomes White House Policy, THINKPROGRESS (July 17, 2017) http://bit.ly/2A1uoBL 

98 GREENPEACE: KOCH-FUNDED CLIMATE DENIAL FRONT GROUPS INSTITUTE FOR ENERGY RESEARCH & AMERICAN ENERGY ALLIANCE (AEA) http://bit.ly/2zGO5yG 

99 Steven Mufson, Trump’s Energy Team Contains Climate Change Skeptic, Free-Market Advocate, WASHINGTON POST (November 29, 2016)http://wapo.st/2iD13oU 

100 Press Release, American Energy Alliance, ICYMI: Gov. Pence Encourages States to Reject EPA’s Climate Rule (July 10, 2015) http://bit.ly/2A3aaYj 

101 CENTER FOR MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY,  REVEALED: THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION'S ENERGY PLAN (Dec. 5, 2016) http://bit.ly/2jgimMT 

102 Id. 

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103 Alex Kotch, The Koch Brothers Are Smiling: The White House Will Be Packed With Some of Their Most Loyal Servants, ALTERNET (Jan 10, 2017) http://bit.ly/2jsvC14. 

104 Kenneth P. Vogel, Perry Hawkish at Koch-Backed Event. POLITICO (Aug. 30, 2014) http://politi.co/2A1ltjM 

105 Jennifer A. Dlouhy and Jennifer Jacobs Electric Grid Study Ordered by U.S. Energy Chief to Boost Coal BLOOMBERG NEWS (April 15, 2017) https://bloom.bg/2iGbnfO 

106 Id. 

107 INSTITUTE FOR ENERGY RESEARCH, ASSESSING EMERGING POLICY THREATS TO THE U.S. POWER GRID (Feb. 24, 2015) http://bit.ly/2zyNPSp 

108 Id.

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109 Catherine Traywick, Ari Natter and Jennifer A. Dlouhy, Renewable Energy Not a Threat to Grid, Draft of U.S. Study Finds, BLOOMBERG NEWS, (JULY 14, 2017) https://bloom.bg/2todayx 

110 GREENTECH MEDIA https://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/read/travis-fisher-the-lead-on-does-grid-reliability-report-speaks 

111 Docket No. RM18-1, issued October 2, 2017, https://elibrary.ferc.gov/idmws/file_list.asp?accession_num=20171002-3039 

112 Docket No. AD17-11, at page 5, https://elibrary.ferc.gov/idmws/common/opennat.asp?fileID=14620874 

113 Jeff St. John, Energy Secretary Perry Requests Federal Rules to Boost Cost Recovery for Coal and Nuclear  GREENTECH MEDIA (Sept. 29, 2017) http://bit.ly/2jqc8u3 

114 Dave Anderson, Travis Fisher: Author of Rick Perry's Grid Study Called Clean Energy policies a Greater Threat Than Terrorism ENERGY AND POLICY INSTITUTE, (Aug. 24, 2017) http://bit.ly/2A28GNT 

115 Ben Jervey, Yet Another Koch Cadet Hired to Push Fossil Fuels at Trump’s Energy Department, DESMOG BLOG, (July 9, 2017) http://bit.ly/2iCqarX 

116 Steve Horn, Former Koch Agents, Fossil Fuel Industry Hired Guns Now Staffing Trump Agencies, DESMOG BLOG, (March 10, 2017) 

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117 Matt Kasper Utility Industry Set To Get Another Ally Inside The Trump Administration, ENERGY AND POLICY INSTITUTE (July 2017) http://bit.ly/2iZLkRQ 

118 Alex Kotch, The Koch Brothers Are Smiling: The White House Will Be Packed With Some of Their Most Loyal Servants, ALTERNET (Jan 10, 2017) http://bit.ly/2jsvC14. 

119 Kenneth P. Vogel, Perry Hawkish at Koch-Backed Event, POLITICO, (Aug. 30, 2014) http://politi.co/2A1ltjM 

120 Juliet Eilperin and Brady Dennis, Trump Puts Critic of Renewable Energy in Charge of Renewable Energy Office, WASHINGTON POST (May 2,2017) http://wapo.st/2zvDruh  

121 Stephanie Mencimer It’s Not Just Militia Members Who Want to Take Over Federal Land MOTHER JONES (Nov. 2015) http://bit.ly/2jaKf9e 122 Lyndsey Gilpin, How An East Coast Think Tank is Fueling the Land Transfer Movement, HIGH COUNTRY NEWS (FEB. 26, 2016)http://bit.ly/2A4hVgQ 

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123 See Americans for Prosperity blog at: http://bit.ly/2jqttCQ 

124 Coral Davenport and Nicholas Fandos, As Interior Secretary Swaggers Through Parks, His Staff Rolls Back Regulations NEW YORK TIMES  (July 25, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2tDdiX1 

125 Id. 

126 See Lakowski’s LinkedIn page at: https://www.linkedin.com/in/gary-lawkowski-b77580ba/ 

127 Steve Horn, Former Head of Energy, Environment at ALEC, Todd Wynn, Hired By Trump Interior Department, DESMOG BLOG, (Oct. 18, 2017) http://bit.ly/2A5Qsv1 

128 Jim Malewitz Combs Lands Position at Conservative Think Tank, TEXAS TRIBUNE (Feb. 23, 2015) http://bit.ly/2jgyoGv.


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129 Press Release, Texas Public Policy Foundatation, Doug Domenech Joins TPPF as Director of Fueling Freedom Project (March 30, 2015) http://bit.ly/2A2rWuT 

130 Coral Davenport and Nicholas Fandos, As Interior Secretary Swaggers Through Parks, His Staff Rolls Back Regulations NEW YORK TIMES  (July 25, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2tDdiX1 

131 See Lakowski’s LinkedIn page at: https://www.linkedin.com/in/gary-lawkowski-b77580ba/ 

132 See Quinn’s LinkedIn page at: https://www.linkedin.com/in/brendan-quinn-9b6475a5/ 

133 Steve Horn, Former Head of Energy, Environment at ALEC, Todd Wynn, Hired By Trump Interior Department, DESMOG BLOG, (Oct. 18, 2017) http://bit.ly/2A5Qsv1 

134 See Koch pipeline company information at:  https://www.kochpipeline.com/about-us/kpl-facts/ 

135 See Koch oil refining information at: https://www.fhr.com/products-services/fuels-and-aromatics 

136 Mario Parker, Koch Brothers Build Fuel Giant Aided by Mandates They Abhor, BLOOMBERG QUINT, (Nov. 2. 2016) http://bit.ly/2jfwfLa. 

137 Coral Davenport and Eric Lipton, The Pruitt Emails: EPA Chief Was Arm in Arm With Industry NEW YORK TIMES (Feb. 22, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2jbOr8K. 

138 David Armiak, Pruitt Emails Reveal Communications With ALEC and Koch Groups CENTER FOR MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY (March 7, 2017) 

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139 See industry coalition letter at: https://cei.org/sites/default/files/Pruitt-Coalition-Letter.pdf 

140 UNION OF CONCERNED SCIENTISTS, WHO’S BACKING SCOTT PRUITT TO HEAD THE EPA? THE KOCH BROTHERS. (Feb. 2017) http://bit.ly/2j3hmfY.  

141 See Koch lobbying disclosure form at: http://bit.ly/2Bm4yrt 

142 See Koch lobbying disclosure form at: http://bit.ly/2BmYejJ 

143 Coral Davenport and Alissa J. Rubin, Trump Signs Executive Order Unwinding Obama Climate Policies, THE NEW YORK TIMES (March 28, 2017), http://pubc.it/2sifPcf. 

144 Juliet Eilperin, D.C. Circuit Grants EPA’s Request to Delay Smog Rule Case, THE WASHINGTON POST (April 11, 2017), http://pubc.it/2shzVnd; See also E. Scott Pruitt, Letter to Governors, June 6, 2017, http://pubc.it/2si0OHB. 

145 82 FEDERAL REGister 25,730 (June 5, 2017), http://pubc.it/2shNlQ0. 

146 Devin Henry, Trump Administration Ends Obama's Coal-Leasing Freeze, THE HILL, (March 29, 2017), http://pubc.it/2t5UNL8. 

147 Michael D. Shear, Trump Will Withdraw U.S. from Paris Climate Agreement, NEW YORK TIMES (June 1, 2017), http://nyti.ms/2zMb4s8. 

148 Sheila Kaplan and Eric Lipton, Chemical Industry Ally Faces Critics in Bid for Top E.P.A. Post, NEW YORK TIMES (Sept 19, 2017) 

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149 Danielle Ivory and Robert Fautrechi, The Deep Industry Ties of Trump’s Deregulation Teams, NEW YORK TIMES, (July 11, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2iDZaIF 

150 Elana Schor, Democrats Press EPA Pick Pruitt on Energy Sector Ties, POLITICO (Dec, 27, 2016) http://politi.co/2haDZxr 

151 See Letendre’s LinkedIn page at: https://www.linkedin.com/in/daisy-c-letendre-24836345/ 

152 Anthony Adranga, Morning Energy: Inside Tillerson's Mind on Climate POLITICO (Jan 24, 2017) http://politi.co/2A0Fve1 

153 Coral Davenport and Eric Lipton, The Pruitt Emails: EPA Chief Was Arm in Arm With Industry NEW YORK TIMES (February 22, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2jbOr8K  

154 See Rodrick’s LinkedIn profile at: https://www.linkedin.com/in/christian-rodrick-b7908360/ 

155 See Traylor’s LinkedIn profile at https://www.linkedin.com/in/patrick-traylor-b505b22b/ 

156 Coral Davenport and Eric Lipton How G.O.P. Leaders Came to View Climate Change as Fake Science NEW YORK TIMES (June 3, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2AugEzh 

157 Transcript of Interview with Charles Koch, FORTUNE (JULY 12, 2016) http://for.tn/2gXp8X4 

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158 Id.  

159 Chris Mooney, Trump’s Top Environmental Pick Says She Has ‘Many Questions’ About Climate Change, WASHINGTON POST (Nov. 8, 2017) http://wapo.st/2j9JxZI  

160 Forrest Wilder, Revealed: The Corporations and Billionaires that Fund the Texas Public Policy Foundation, TEXAS OBSERVER (Aug. 24., 2012) http://bit.ly/28MR3Tj 

161 Andrew Kaczynski, Trump Pick for Top Environmental Post Called Belief in Global Warming a ‘Kind of Paganism’ CNN (Oct. 19, 2017) http://cnn.it/2jgLeVj 

162 KHOU 11 News Video: http://bit.ly/2ij08xN 

163 Mark Greenblatt, Texas Politicians Knew Agency Hid the Amount of Radiation in Drinking Water KHOU 11 NEWS (MAY 19, 2011) http://bit.ly/2iUXTNu 

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164 Amanda Terkel, How Betsy DeVos Became The Most Hated Cabinet Secretary, HUFFINGTON POST (Oct 24, 2017) http://bit.ly/2iCjBFE 

165 Valerie Strauss, To Trump’s Education Pick, the U.S. Public School System Is A ‘Dead End,’ WASHINGTON POST (Dec. 21, 2016) http://wapo.st/2ha88Nu 

166 Kate Zernike, Betsy DeVos, Trump’s Education Pick, Has Steered Money From Public Schools, THE NEW YORK TIMES (Nov. 23, 2016)  http://nyti.ms/2gYkW9A 

167 Valerie Strauss, What ‘School Choice’ Means In the Era of Trump and DeVos, WASHINGTON POST (May 22, 2017)  http://wapo.st/2jttQAi 

168 Kimberly Helfing, DeVos Champions Online Charter Schools, But the Results are Poor, POLITICO (Oct 8, 2017). http://politi.co/2ha0IKd  

169 See Richard DeVos press release from March 31, 2006 at: http://bit.ly/2BmPha7 

170 Id. 

171 Kimberly Helfing, DeVos Champions Online Charter Schools, But the Results are Poor, POLITICO (Oct 8, 2017). http://politi.co/2ha0IKd  

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172 Lisa Graves, ALEC Exposed: The Koch Connection, THE NATION, (July 12, 2011) http://bit.ly/2jaRAFy 

173 Jane Mayer, Betsy DeVos, Trump’s Big Donor Education Secretary THE NEW YORKER, (Nov. 23, 2016) http://bit.ly/2gWQEnw 

174 Lisa Graves, 5 Things to Know about Billionaire Betsy DeVos, Trump Education Choice CENTER FOR MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY (Nov. 23, 2016) http://bit.ly/2gYWIfv 

175 CENTER FOR MEDIA AND DEMOCRACY: CASHING IN ON KIDS (March 2016) http://bit.ly/2BoEdcp 

176 Transcript of speech by Education Secretary Betsy DeVos to American Legislative Exchange Council (July 20, 2017) http://bit.ly/2BkV1B0  

177 Anya Kamenetz, Betsy DeVos Speech Greeted By Protesters She Calls 'Defenders Of The Status Quo' NPR NEWS (July 20, 2017) http://n.pr/2yNMrtE 

178 Grant Stringer, Koch Brothers' Foundation Launches School Choice Campaign in CO, WESTWORD (June 9, 2017) http://bit.ly/2j9iVI8

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179  Kimberly Helfing, How the Kochs Are Trying to Shake Up Public Schools, One State at A Time, POLITICO (Oct.  30, 2017) http://politi.co/2h7XiYh 

180 Michael Stratford, Morning Education: DeVos Hires Staunch Critic of Federal Education Regulations, POLITICO (Oct. 16, 2017) http://politi.co/2haWYYN 

181 Jane Mayer, Betsy DeVos, Trump’s Big Donor Education Secretary THE NEW YORKER, (Nov. 23, 2016) http://bit.ly/2gWQEnw 

182 Sarah Brown, Koch Foundation Officer, a Critic of Title IX Guidance, Will Join Education Dept. CHRONICLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION, (June 6, 2017) http://bit.ly/2jdq4Ho

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183 Stephanie Saul and Kate Taylor, Betsy DeVos Reverses Obama-era Policy on Campus Sexual Assault Investigations, NEW YORK TIMES (Sept 22, 2017) http://nyti.ms/2haBuLy 

184 Sarah Brown, Koch Foundation Officer, a Critic of Title IX Guidance, Will Join Education Dept. CHRONICLE OF HIGHER EDUCATION, (June 6, 2017) http://bit.ly/2jdq4Ho 

185 Adam Kissel, Standing Up for Due Process on Campus = “Sticking Up for Penises Everywhere?” HUFFINGTON POST, (Oct 30, 2011) http://bit.ly/2jibM8q 

186 Michael Stratford, Morning Education: DeVos Hires Staunch Critic of Federal Education Regulations, POLITICO (Oct. 16, 2017) http://politi.co/2haWYYN 

187 Id. 

188 Hans Bader, Proposed Education Department Cuts are Long Overdue, Competitive Enterprise Institute Blog, (June 23, 2017),  http://bit.ly/2BmGhSk 

189 Anya Kamenetz, President Trump’s Budget Proposal Calls for Deep Cuts To Education NPR NEWS (May 22, 2017) http://n.pr/2h6UJWu 

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190 Carl Hulse and Ashley Parker, Koch Group, Spending Freely, Hones Attack on Government, NEW YORK TIMES (March 21, 2014) http://nyti.ms/2zHsLZP 

191 Transcript of interview with Donald Trump,  60 MINUTES, (Sept. 27, 2015) http://cbsn.ws/2jaQ862 

192 Steve Peoples, Donors to GOP: No Cash Until Action on Health Care, Taxes, ASSOCIATED PRESS (June 26, 2017) http://bit.ly/2zyOOSp

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193 Id. 

194 Press Release, Americans for Prosperity, Americans for Prosperity Responds to the American Health Care Act (March 22, 2017) http://bit.ly/2j0aujp 

195 Theodore Schleifer, Kochs Pledge Millions to GOPers in 2018 –If They Vote No On Health Care Bill CNN.COM (MARCH 23, 2017) http://cnn.it/2zYWu0i 

196 Steve Peoples, Koch Chief Says Healthcare Bill Insufficiently Conservative ASSOCIATED PRESS (June 25, 2017)http://bit.ly/2zYeUyg 

197 James Oliphant, Conservative Koch Network Criticizes U.S. Senate Healthcare Bill, REUTERS (June 25, 2017) http://reut.rs/2zWSxcL 

198 Steve Peoples, Donors to GOP: No Cash Until Action on Health Care, Taxes, ASSOCIATED PRESS (June 26, 2017) http://bit.ly/2zyOOSp 

199 Blog, Secret Wait Lists Were Still in Use Last Year at Colorado Vas, CONCERNED VETERANS FOR AMERICA (NOV. 20, 2017) http://bit.ly/2Bk6tgn 

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200 George Zornick, How the Koch Network Exploited the Veterans Affairs Crisis THE NATION (Sept. 23, 2014) http://bit.ly/2A2VPeo 

201 Id. 

202 Nick Schwartz, Fox News Host Hits Man With An Axe on Live TV, USA TODAY  (June 22, 2015) https://usat.ly/2BnxFLk. 

203 Jon Levine, Trump Invited ‘Fox and Friends’ Co-Host Pete Hegseth to Private Dinner at White House, THE WRAP (Oct. 26, 2017)  http://bit.ly/2BmuC5W 

204 Ben Kesling and Peter Nicholas, Veterans Affairs Chief Wants Bigger Role for Private Health Care, WALL STREET JOURNAL (Nov, 20, 2017) http://on.wsj.com/2zYsTnM. 

205 Eric Katz, Trump Administration’s Plan to Expand Private Care for Vets Sparks Fight Over VA's Future GOVERNMENT EXECUTIVE (Oct. 17, 2017) http://bit.ly/2jbVfTQ. 

206 Lisa Rein and Dan Lamothe, To Keep Promises To Veterans, Trump Taps Koch-Backed Group, WASHINGTON POST (December 1, 2016) http://wapo.st/2j3OPpB. 

207 Dan Eggen, Pompeo Draws Liberal Groups’ Ire, WASHINGTON POST, (March 20, 2011)  http://wapo.st/2A34vS5. 

208 John Nichols, The Koch Brothers’ Favorite Congressman Will Be In Charge of the CIA¸ THE NATION (Nov. 18, 2016) http://bit.ly/2jf71gc 

209 Press Release, Americans for Prosperity, Media Avail: Eli Miller, Americans for Prosperity (Nov. 3 2014) http://bit.ly/2Bom8eH 

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